A Visual Aid to Using Musical Patterns



  The Melody (Phrases) window

"Making phrases by manipulating features."

In this window you can make phrases of melody by controlling features such as the number of notes, the kind of movement from pitch to pitch and the phrase shape or contour (controlled by the upper left spinner, upper right tabs and lower right tabs and buttons, respectively).

Melody Window 1 - 75% reduction

Fig (a) - Phrase composed of 5-notes
moving by step in a Rising Line contour.

Each feature/ control corresponds to a heading under which phrases can be listed and cross-listed (because all phrases have more than one feature). Although the program does not exploit this, you can, as an aid to memory.

See also the Basic Demos and the Advanced Demos .

  The Form (Phrases) window

"Combining phrases into forms"

Form in music is normally thought of as the pattern of repetition and contrast that the music contains. Form can also refer to any single musical idea.

Form is normally shown by replacing musical ideas with dummy letters and combining smaller forms into larger ones until only a few different letters remain, as in the Form List in the lower left of this window.  Form can also be shown in other ways, for instance, by colored squares and rectangles, as in the Form Panes in the upper right of this window.

Form Window - 75% reduction

Fig (b) - Patterns of phrases (Forms) shown
by letters and colored panels.

Forms are grouped (classed or listed) by how many bars they occupy ie, 4 bars, 8 bars and 16 bars.

Forms are automatically filled with phrases made up previously in the Melody (Phrases) window, showing how musical ideas (here, melodic phrases) can be combined into patterns.

See also the Basic Demos and the Advanced Demos .

  The Chord Progressions window

In this window, chord progressions can be made up by combining individual chords (see the "Generator") or selected from pre-written lists (see the "Bank").

Chord Progression Window - 82% reduction

Fig (c) - Chord Progressions are shown
in Roman Numerals.

In this window, Chord Progressions are organized in levels by feature: the lowest level is organized by the degree of phase-shifting from the tonic, the middle level is organized by the mode (major or minor) and the highest level is organized by the number of chords.

An interesting feature of Chord Progressions is that they can be phase-shifted, that is, they can be started on a different position within the series. For example, a chord progression could be started on its second chord with its first chord coming last, in effect rotating the progression by one position.

See also the Basic Demos and the Advanced Demos .

  The Bass Lines window

Bass Lines can be automatically added by the program or be added manually in this window.

Bass Lines Window - 82% reduction

Fig (d) - Chord Progressions are shown
in Roman Numerals.

In the program, bass lines are patterns of movement from note to note (eg, repeated notes, by step on notes of the scale, by "skip" on notes of the chord or by "leap" between the root and fifth of the chord), shown by color-coding the chord symbols and the surrounding borders.

In the program, bass lines are easily recognizable patterns because whichever movement is applied to the first chord of the progression is repeated on each of the other chords of the progression as well.

See also the Basic Demos and the Advanced Demos .

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